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Pilot Actions

In Malmö the solar Action Plan includes 8 short-term measures, 3 of them identified as priority Pilot Actions to be implemented within POLIS project :

Pilot Action 1 : Urban planning in Sege Park

Background :
Sege Park is an area undergoing retrofitting measures and new developments with a green profile, including plans and possibilities for solar energy as well as other renewable energy sources. Malmö municipality has the interest to introduce solar requirements that enable the installation of solar energy facilities.

Description :

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Ortophoto of Sege Park (Source : Urban Planning Department, Malmö)

Introduction of solar energy requirements in the local Urban Plan of Sege Park. The City Planning Office in collaboration with POLIS Swedish technical partners will draft the new local plan in a way that future solar installations are facilitated, including orientation of houses and specification of where and in what way solar energy plants can be installed. This is the first time for this concept to be used in Malmö. Implementation of the plan will be started after approval ; consequently, construction of new buildings (with solar energy installations) will probably be started within the POLIS project duration.
The information needed for developing this Pilot Action is the local Urban Plan of the area.

Pilot Action 2 : Solar energy requirements in municipal land allocation agreements and purchase agreements

Background :
The target for Malmö is to introduce solar energy aspects in the urban planning process during the project period (until 2012). By connecting to the high ambition level in the new Environmental Program, Energy Strategy and Environmental Building Program, urban planning in Malmö should be adapted so that it promotes and facilitates the use of solar energy.

Municipal land allocation agreements or purchase agreements are developed with respect to solar energy requirements and are used in selected areas. It is eligible to use the new “Environmental Building Program South” (EBPS) to put higher demands on energy efficiency of the buildings.

A municipal land allocation means a right for a stakeholder to, during a limited period of time with some in advance given conditions, work with development of a project within a limited area. This right can be given as a land reservation or through a municipal land allocation agreement, that clarifies the conditions and stipulations that concern the municipal land allocation.

Description :
Within this pilot action, the POLIS local working group of Malmö, together with the legal scholar of the Malmö City Council, has investigated the possibilities to include solar energy demands in agreements and still be following the Swedish legislation. A suitable agreement stipulation, which could be used as a general example for future municipal land allocation agreements or purchase agreements, has also been developed. municipal land allocation agreements and purchase agreements that were signed have also been studied, together with some interesting alternative methods for promoting solar energy.

Main results :
Municipalities in Sweden are allowed to set their own requirements within municipal land allocation agreements and purchase agreements, when developers are building on city-owned land. The agreement could contain for example demands on orientation and design of the buildings, or requirements regarding maximum energy demand within buildings in accordance with Environmental Building Program South. The agreements could also promote certain energy solutions and set requirements of renewable energy.

The local working group of Malmö has developed and agreed on a new agreement stipulation, that can be used generally in future municipal land allocation and purchase agreements :

"The company should, in the upcoming development and energy planning, remark and investigate the conditions to produce/use renewable energy within the own property. The company should declare, in writing, the conditions and the standpoints that have been made within the property regarding renewable energy. The investigation should be submitted to the local authorities at the latest within three months from the day of entering into this agreement”.

Three real cases of agreements that are signed in Malmö have been studied :

- A municipal land allocation agreement has been signed for the new Congress, Concert and Hotel in Malmö. The developer should reduce the energy demand through using ground heating, solar energy and wind power. The company´s intention is for the buildings to be certified with the platinum level of the international rating system LEED.

- A purchase agreement has been signed for the new area, Annehem, indicating that the developer should act for a cost and energy efficient energy system in the area.

- A Climate-contract has been signed for the development area of Hyllie, which forms the platform for the Sustainability agreement, to be used as a tool in the municipal land allocation agreement. The contract was signed by the City of Malmö, E.ON (energy supplier) and VA Syd (the water, sewer and waste management supplyer). The climate contract has high climate ambitions. Hyllie will be the most climate smart area in the Öresund region, and a global role model for sustainable urban development.

Pilot Action 3 : Potential Study in Sege Park

Background :
Sege Park is an area undergoing retrofitting measures and new developments with a green profile, including plans and possibilities for solar energy as well as other renewable energy sources. Malmö municipality has the interest to promote the integration of solar energy at urban level ; however, a specific method for solar potential assessment does not exist up to now.

Description :
This Pilot Action consists of developing a methodology for assessing the detailed solar potential of buildings in Malmö that can be used by the public (access available on-line) and possibly by other cities/countries with similar legislation. Today, all buildings in Malmö can be analysed with the program ESPA Systems, which is based on laserscanning with an accuracy under 10 cm. A digital terrain model as well as a surface model can be used together with several other programs like AutoCad and ScetchUp to analyse building surfaces. The tool will be first used and validated with the analysis of Sege Park area. As a result, a 3-D analysis of the buildings will be conducted and the potential for solar energy will be calculated, including reduction for obstacles and shadings. As this is the first area where a solar potential study will be done in Malmö, the methodology will be developed in order to be able to continue with more city areas.
The information needed for this Pilot Action are data from the Geographical Information System-centre in Malmö City Planning Office (aerial photos, GIS-databases and user interface). Software tools to be used are ESPA systems and the applications that are fitted with this program.

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