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Munich

Action Plan

Within Munich solar Action Plan the following long-term targets have been defined :
- Support and mobilization of a PV potential of 3.5% of Munich’s power demand addressed through the “Solar Initiative Munich (SIM)” by 2015. Photovoltaics : Increase of the total share of electric power demand in Munich to additional 3.5% in 2030.
- Solar thermal : increase of the total share of heat demand in Munich to 3% in 2030.
- Passive solar energy : Guarantee to reach a high share of passive solar gains (25%) of the overall heating demand in all new areas > 100 units from 2012.

Main areas of intervention identified are : residential areas and areas of diverse use (e.g. re-use of barracks), urban renewal areas, specific quarters (to be identified according to their building structure, energy supply and planning intentions), existing and new commerce and industry areas, areas of infrastructure and new buildings in existing areas.

The solar Action Plan in Munich focuses on the internal planning process and therefore aims at the integration of all relevant municipal stakeholders :
- Municipal Urban Planning department ;
- Other departments : Department of health and environment, Department of labor and economic development, Department of building construction ;
- Centre of construction (“Bauzentrum”) ;
- Politicians (local, federal state, national, EU) ;
- Urbanistic building society ;
- Housing developers ;
- Private house builders ;
- Participants of “SIM” society ;
- Architects and planners ;
- Investors and banking houses.

The Munich solar Action Plan comprises different approaches : proactive public relation, increase of expertise, planning process, implementation, municipal approval process, subsidy schemes and basic conditions. Several short-term measures have been identified, including 2 specific priorities to be implemented as “Pilot Actions” within POLIS :

Proactive public relations :
1. Pro-actively information through different media to public and expert audience about solar energy aspects and potentials (Continuous from 2011).
2. Competition „München_ganz schön solar - solar planning and building“, with yearly changing focus (building elements, buildings, refurbishment, new buildings, protection of historical monuments) and embedded into the information campaign described in the previous measure (Continuous from 2011).

Increase of expertise :
3. Establishment of an internal expert team consisting of relevant staff member of the various (main) departments of Munich municipality in order to improve internal cooperation in relation to solar urban planning (Continuous from 2011).
4. Improvement of internal knowledge and expertise in Munich municipality through knowledge transfer (individual and IT-based procedures) by means of internal events (workshops), external events and advanced training (Continuous from 2011).

Planning process :
5. Integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) of energy aspects to provide answers related to urban development and solar urban planning, including elegibility of areas to mobilize the existing solar potential (Continuous).
6. (Pilot Action) Development of “POLIS Guideline for solar urban planning” to facilitate a criteria based assessment of planning documents and projects : development of indicators and criteria, guideline of activities in evelopment areas (competition and promotional grants), building stock (advancement of refurbishment), catalogue of ecological criteria, urbanistic agreements and grant programmes (2010-2011).
7. Development of parameters for the use of passive solar energy in new development areas.
8. Development of instruments & parameters for the use of active solar energy, and analysis of prospects to support active solar energy through permission process.
9. Development and synopsis of basics. Survey of best practice and Research & Development projects referring to realistic target values to use solar energy in the city.
10. Revision and new version of the “POLIS Guideline for solar urban planning” with experiences on the POLIS pilot implementation (2012-2013).
11. Analysis and designation of suitable areas for solar energy in accordance with the targets of the IHPKM (Integrated Action Program Climate Protection).
12. Integration of solar aspects in the frame of large-scale urban development areas by using solar specific criteria in the early planning phase.

Implementation :
13. (Pilot Action) Implementation of “POLIS Guideline for solar urban planning” into a new development area (pilot project “Solar quarter Bayern Kaserne“), so that competitions and planning projects are tendered and assessed accordingly (2011-2012).
14. Implementation of experiences of the pilot projects and the revised POLIS guideline in the planning process of the new development area : continuous exchange of experiences and control of success, with optimization of the implementation of SOLENOP project.
15. (Pilot Action, alternative) Implementation of “POLIS Guideline for solar urban planning” into a pilot project within the building stock of the existing area Neuaubing (18 000-20 000 inhabitants) (2011-2012).
16. Development of strategies and measures of implementation in the building stock based on experiences with the POLIS pilot project and if necessary of other projects : assessment of introducing incentive program, development of technical requirements of (solar) energetic optimization within the urban redevelopment / refurbishment.
17. Adjustment of urbanistic contracts : adjustment of requirements in urbanistic contracts referring to the (solar) energetic objectives and applications, so that demand on constructural heat insulation including the utilization of solar energy will be regulated in agreements of the city (Continuous from 2010).

Municipal approval process :
18. Enforcement of national renewable heat law (EEWärmeG) : enforcement through random inspection, enforcement deficiencies referring to EnEV & requirements EEWärmeG will be identified and overcome (Continuous from 2011).
19. Tendering for property / allocation : ecologic criteria catalog of the City of Munich will be adjusted to legal requirements (EEWärmeG and EEG) (Continuous from 2010).
Subsidy schemes :
20. Increase share of solar energy in existing buildings : a realistic target value of the yearly enhancement of supported solar thermal will be evaluated and fixed ; the requirement of the “Förderprogramm Energieeinsparung” (FES) will be adjusted to the new conditions (Continuous from 2010).

Basic conditions
21. Optimization of framework for the application of solar energy : lobbying to change the processes and the directive of subsidy to achieve the (solar) energetic targets faster.

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